Use Of Pine (Pinus) Nut Oil and its Alternatives For Cardiovascular Diseases

Examine the effects of LDL-C, HDL-C, TGs and TC of different oils on cardiovascular diseases


  • Zartaj Malik university of engineering and technology Lahore



HDl-C, LDL-C, TGs, TC, Pine nut oil, pumpkin seed oil, wallnut oil, sunflower oil



Pine nut oil and its alternatives are rich in fatty acids. We determined their fatty acids and important minerals quantities present in them. We performed AAS to identify copper, zinc and iron, calcium, sodium, magnesium and potassium in oils. Then we performed the HPLC test to identify fatty acids and vitamin K. Then we took 5 groups of rats each having 5 rats. One group was a controlled group with basic diet. Other four group were given high cholesterol diet for 20 days to increase their total cholesterol level (TC), low lipoprotein cholesterol level (LDL-C), high lipoprotein cholesterol level (HDL-C) and triglycerides (TGs). After 20 days, each group was fed basic diet with oil of 15mL. Second group was fed with 15mL/day pine nut oil (PNO), third group with 15mL/day pumpkin seed oil (PSO), fourth group was fed with 15mL/day walnut oil (WO) and fifth group was fed with 15mL/day sunflower oil (SO). After 4 weeks of this diet, the results were obtained that show the significant results. The present results revealed the decrease in low density lipoprotein cholesterol level, triglyceride, total cholesterol and increase in high density lipoprotein.