About the Journal

Pakistan Business Review (PBR) is Institute of Business Management (IoBM’s) journal in continuous publication since April 1999. It is Pakistan’s first refereed academic business research quarterly. PBR is an HEC approved Y category journal. It is abstracted and indexed by the American Economic Association in the ECONLIT and the Journal of Economic Literature, USA. It is supervised by an International Advisory Board of Business Academics from national and international organizations such as the London School of Economics, the University of Sussex, the University of San Diego and Indiana University, USA, Bochun University, Germany, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the International Association for Clean Technology, Austria. International advisory board members are also drawn from China, Spain, Columbia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Lithuania, and Nepal. Other respectable national bodies such as the Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan, etc are also represented on the board. Pakistan Business Review is in its fifteenth year of continuous publication.

Announcements

Policy Document

2022-04-04

Pakistan Business Review

Policy Document

Introduction

Pakistan Business Review (PBR) is the premier journal of the Institute of Business Management (IoBM) which has been in continuous publication since April 1999. It is Pakistan’s first refereed academic research quarterly focused on areas related to business and industry. PBR is an HEC approved Y category journal. It is abstracted and indexed by the American Economic Association’s EconLit, the Journal of Economic Literature, USA, and EBSCO, New York. It is supervised by an international advisory board of academics from national and international organizations such as the London School of Economics, the University of Sussex, the University of San Diego and Indiana University, USA, Bochun University, Germany, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the International Association for Clean Technology, Austria. International advisory board members are also drawn from China, Spain, Columbia, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Lithuania, and Nepal. The Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan, the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, the Applied Economic Research Centre, the University of Karachi and the Aga Khan University faculty are also represented on the board.

Scope & Mission

PBR encourages research in areas related to business and industry through quality articles. It is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal edited by IoBM, Karachi, Pakistan. The journal is an academic resource for research articles and research-based case studies in areas such as strategy, marketing, management, human resource management, finance, accounting, business ethics, entrepreneurship, economics, business psychology, social marketing, business analytics and other related functional areas. It provides a platform for academics and researchers for sharing their original and unpublished work globally.

EDITORIAL BOARD

 PATRON

Mr. Talib Syed Karim

FOUNDING EDITOR

Mrs. Sabina Mohsin

CHIEF EDITOR

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Shujaat Mubarik

EDITOR

Dr. Irfan Hameed

MANAGING EDITOR

Dr. Muhammad Junaid

ASSOCIATE EDITORS

Dr. Abdur Rahman Aleemi (Finance)

Dr. Mahmood Ali (Supply Chain)

Dr. Muhammad Asif Khan (Education)

Dr. Muhammad Adnan Bashir (Marketing)

Dr. Muhammad Azeem Qureshi (HR/ Management)

Dr. Nayeem Ul Hassan Ansari (Finance)

EDITORIAL ASSISTANT

Ms. Arfa Jabeen

Mr. Muhammad Naveed Khan

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

 International Members

Distinguished Professor Dato Dr. Raja Rasiah, University of Malaya, Malaysia

Dr. Aijaz A. Shaikh, University of Jyväskylä, Finland

Dr. Aznida Abu Bakar Sajak, , Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Dr. Badr Alsolami, Umm Al-Qura University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Dr. Chin Hong Puah, University Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia

Dr. Eiad Yafi, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Dr. Faizan Ali, University of South Florida, USA

Dr. Hanudin Amin, University Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia

Dr. Imran Khan, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Dr. Imran Qureshi, University Teknology Malaysia, Malaysia

Dr. Mohamad Ismail bin Sulaiman, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Dr. Muhammad Ashfaq, Wittenborg University of Applied Sciences, Germany

Dr. Muhammad Tahir Suleman, University of Otago, New Zealand

Dr. Sobia Irum, University of Bahrain, Bahrain

National Members

Dr. Amir Manzoor, Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan

Dr. Imran Hameed, Lahore School of Economics, Pakistan

Dr. Isma Zaigham, Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan

Dr. Muhammad Faisal Qadeer, University of Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Niaz Ahmed Bhutto, Sukkur IBA University, Pakistan

Dr. Sadia Khurram, Benazir School of Business Karachi, Pakistan

Dr. Sana Malik, University of Management and Technology Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Tariq Jalees, KIET Karachi, Pakistan

INDEXING & ABSTRACTING

HEC recognized journal in “Y” category

BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine)

Central and East European Index (CEE Index)

EconLit

Eurasian Scientific Journal Index

EuroPub

Google Scholar

MIAR

Scientific Indexing Services (SIS)

ZDB

ProQuest (Under Evaluation)

REVIEW & PUBLICATION POLICY

All research articles published in PBR go through an initial editor screening followed by a rigorous double-blind peer review by three referees. Articles of PBR are available online through the Journal Management System. The process of submission, editing, refereeing, review and correspondence with authors is also online through the Journal Management System.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.

Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Payment proof (Mandatory)

Cover letter (Mandatory)

Conflict of interest & declaration statement (Mandatory)

Title page with author details & affiliation (Mandatory)

Manuscript without author details (Mandatory)

Tables (If any)

Figures (If any)

Data set (Optional)

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Call for Papers

The journal is currently open for the submission of research articles of high quality. The article is assigned for the issue as soon as it gets accepted for publication.

Information For Readers

We encourage readers to sign up for the publishing notification service for this journal. Use the Register link at the top of the home page for the journal. This registration will result in the reader receiving the Table of Contents by email for each new issue of the journal. This list also allows the journal to claim a certain level of support or readership. See the journal's Privacy Statement, which assures readers that their name and email address will not be used for other purposes.

Information For Librarians

We encourage research librarians to list this journal among their library's electronic journal holdings. As well, it may be worth noting that this journal's open source publishing system is suitable for libraries to host for their faculty members to use with journals they are involved in editing (see Open Journal Systems).

Information For Authors

Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Author Guidelines. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process.

Article Publishing Charges

The Article Publishing Charge (APC) of PBR covers various operational costs related to the peer-review process, copyediting, typesetting, publication on our website and indexing in major databases. The PBR also ensure the integrity of the publication process.

The fee structure is listed here forth:

Processing Fee (PKR 3,000) - To be paid upon the submission of an article to PBR as an initial fee

Publication Fee (PKR 10,000) - To be paid later once the paper has been accepted after Peer Review for publication.

Note:

The fee is non-refundable.

The fee must be paid in favor of “Institute of Business Management", mandated by a proof of payment.

FOR PAYMENTS FROM OUTSIDE PAKISTAN

(1) Bank details for direct payment are:

Standard Chartered Bank Limited,

Al-Tijarah Centre Islamic Branch,

Shop No.S6-7 Plot No. 32-1-A

Block 6, P.E.C.H.S, Karachi

Branch Code: 182

Swift Code:  SCBLPKKX

IBAN : PK97SCBL0000001326020801

Account No :  01326020801

FOR LOCAL PAYMENTS

 (1) Pay order will be made in favor of "Institute of Business Management “for the above amounts and may be sent to the "The Editor".

 (2) Deposit cash at any Branch of Standard Chartered Bank or pay online in the following Bank Account

   A/C# 01326020801

   Standard Chartered Bank

Institute of Business Management

IMPORTANT

The finance department of the Institute of Business Management requires deposit evidence i.e. screenshot of deposit slip or transfer confirmation message to the following email addresses;

muhammad.asim@iobm.edu.pk ; aslam.ali@iobm.edu.pk; editorpbr@iobm.edu.pk; abid.ali@iobm.edu.pk; masood@iobm.edu.pk

Please Note the Disclaimers: The Processing Fee must be paid within 06 days of submission. Failure to do so will result in the paper not being assigned for editorial processing while being outrightly rejected. The policy applies similarly to the Publication Fee, which must be paid within 15 days after your paper has been accepted for publication. Submission of processing fee does not guarantee publication.

 

 INSTRUCTIONS / GUIDELINES FOR THE AUTHORS

(General Instructions)

  1. Papers must be in English.
  2. PBR is a business journal covering all subject areas of relevance to business in Pakistan. Research in the areas of Finance, Human Resources, Management, Informatics, Marketing, Business Psychology, Economics and issues related to other business areas are especially encouraged.
  3. Submission of a paper will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere. The editors do not accept responsibility for damages or loss of papers submitted.
  4. Manuscripts should be typewritten on one side of the page only, double spaced with wide margins. All pages should be numbered consecutively, titles and subtitles should be short. References, tables and legends for figures should be typed on separate pages. The legends and titles on tables and figures must be sufficiently descriptive such that they are understandable without reference to the text. The dimension of the figure axis and the body of tables must be clearly labeled in English.
  5. The first page of the manuscript should contain the following information; (i) the title; (ii) the name(s) and institutional affiliation(s); (iii) an abstract of not more than 200 words. A footnote on the same sheet should give the name and present address of the author to whom reprints will be sent.
  6. Acknowledgements and information on grants received can be given before the references or in a first footnote, which should not be included in the consecutive numbering of footnotes.
  7. Important formulae (displayed) should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript as (1), (2), etc., on the right-hand side of the page where the derivation of formula has been abbreviated, it is of great help to referees if the full derivation can be presented on a separate sheet (not to be published).
  8. Footnotes should be kept to a minimum and be numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.
  9. The references should include only the most relevant papers. In the text, references to publications should appear as follows: “Khan (1978) reported that. ” Or “This problem has been a subject in literature before [e.g., Khan (1978)
  10. 102].” The author should make sure that there is a strict “one-to-one correspondence” between the names (years) in the text and those on the list. At the end of the manuscript (after any appendices) the complete references should be listed as:

For monographs and books

  1. Ahmad, Jaleel, 1978, Import substitution, trade and development, Amsterdam: North-Holland, For contributions to collective works.
  2. Newbery, Daved M.G., 1975, The use of rental contract in peasant agriculture, in: Reynods, ed., Agriculture in development theory, New Haven: Yale University Press p.3-40.

For periodicals

  1. Baumol, W.J., 1982, Applied fairness theory and rational policy, American Economic Review, 72(4): 639561.
  2. Note that journal titles should not be abbreviated.
  3. Illustrations should be provided in triplicate (one original drawn in black ink on white paper and or with two photocopies). Care should be taken that lettering and symbols are of comparable size. The drawings should not be inserted in the text and should be marked on the back with figure numbers, title of paper and name of author. All graphs and diagrams should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Graph paper should be ruled in blue and any grid lines to be shown should be inked black. Illustrations of insufficient quality which have to be redrawn by the publisher will be charged to the author.
  4. All unessential tables should be eliminated from the manuscript. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals and typed on separate sheets. Any manuscript which does not conform to the instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication.
  5. PBR will prefer 6000 words in a research paper.

13           The paper should belong to core business subjects. Papers on sports, literature, fiction, biography, fashion, philosophy etc. fall outside the scope of the PBR.

  1. Papers and references should conform to the APA format.

 

INSTRUCTIONS RELEVANT TO JOURNAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

PBR has adopted the Journal Management System which can be accessed by following the link: http://jmsnew.iobm- research.com/index.php/pbr. Submissions, refereeing, contacts with authors, etc are now through the Journal Management System.

 Submission Preparation Checklist

  1. As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  2. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor). Manuscripts should be submitted in Microsoft Word .DOCX format, double spaced with wide margins. All pages should be numbered consecutively, titles and subtitles should be short. References, tables and legends for figures should be typed on separate pages. The legends and titles on tables and figures must be sufficiently descriptive such that they are understandable without reference to the text. The dimension of figure axes and the body of tables must be clearly labeled in English.
  3. Title page and manuscript should be submitted separately.
  4. Information contained in the Title page should be submitted in the Metadata section of the online submission process and must contain with completeness (i) article title; (ii) abstract of not more than 200 words (iii) keywords; (iv) name(s) and institutional affiliation(s) of author(s); (v) name and email address of the corresponding author should clearly be mentioned; (vi) A footnote on the same sheet should give the name and present address of the author to whom reprints will be sent.
  5. The submission file containing the article must be clear of any information revealing the identity of the author(s).
  6. Papers that violate the spirit of the guidelines (e.g., papers that are single-spaced, papers that use footnotes rather than conventional referencing formats, papers that greatly exceed 30 pages), or which do not clearly fit the mission of the journal will be immediately returned to authors without being reviewed.
  7. Acknowledgements and information on grants received can be given before the references or in a first footnote, which should not be included in the consecutive numbering of footnotes.
  8. Important formulae (displayed) should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript as (1), (2), etc., on the right-hand side of the page where the derivation of formula has been abbreviated, it is of great help to referees if the full derivation can be presented on a separate sheet (not to be published).
  9. Footnotes should be kept to a minimum and be numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.
  10. The references should include only the most relevant papers. In the text, references to publications should appear as follows: “Khan (1978) reported that. ” Or “This problem has been a subject in literature before [e.g., Khan (1978)
  11. 102].” The author should make sure that there is a strict “one-to-one correspondence” between the names (years) in the text and those on the list. At the end of the manuscript (after any appendices) the complete references should be listed as: for monographs and books. Ahmad, Jaleel, 1978, Import substitution, trade and development, Amsterdam: North-Holland, For contributions to collective works Newbery, Daved M.G., 1975,. The use of rental contract in peas- ant agriculture, in: Reynods, ed., Agriculture in development theory, New Haven: Yale University Press p. 3-40.
  12. All unessential tables should be eliminated from the manuscript. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals and typed on separate sheets. Any manuscript which does not conform to the instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication.
  13. The submitted article file should not be more than 10,000 words in a research paper including references and annexures.
  14. Papers and references should conform to the APA format.
  15. No single source of reference should exceed 5% of citations within the paper.
  16. Plagiarism, as measured by the Similarity Index of Turnitin, is acceptable under 19%.
  17. A single paper should not be submitted multiple times as a separate (unique) submission.

Privacy Statement

Pakistan Business Review considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that:

  • The manuscript is the author’s own original work and does not duplicate any other previously published
  • work, including the author’s own previously published work.

The manuscript has been submitted only to Pakistan Business Review; it is not under consideration or peer review or accepted for publication or in the press or published elsewhere.

  • The manuscript does not contain anything abusive, defamatory, libelous, obscene, fraudulent, or illegal.

Please note that Pakistan Business Review uses plagiarism detection software to screen manuscripts for unoriginal material. By submitting your manuscript to Pakistan Business Review, you are agreeing to any necessary originality checks your manuscript may have to undergo during the peer-review and production processes.

Any author who fails to adhere to the above conditions will be barred from further publishing in Pakistan Business Review.

CONTACT US

Editor PBR

Institute of Business Management (IoBM), Korangi Creek, Karachi-75190, Pakistan

UAN: (+92-21) 111-002-004, Ext.: 731

FAX: (+92-21) 35090968, 35092658

Email: editorpbr@iobm.edu.pk

Website: https://pbr.iobm.edu.pk

Read more about Policy Document

Article Publishing Charges

The Article Publishing Charge (APC) of PBR covers various operational costs related to the peer-review process, copyediting, typesetting, publication on our website and indexing in major databases. The PBR also ensure the integrity of the publication process.

The fee structure is listed here forth:

Processing Fee (PKR 3,000) - To be paid upon the submission of an article to PBR as an initial fee

Publication Fee (PKR 10,000) - To be paid later once the paper has been accepted after Peer Review for publication.

Note:

  • The fee is non-refundable.
  • The fee must be paid in favor of “Institute of Business Management", mandated by a proof of payment.

FOR PAYMENTS FROM OUTSIDE PAKISTAN

(1) Bank details for direct payment are:

Standard Chartered Bank Limited,

Al-Tijarah Centre Islamic Branch,

Shop No.S6-7 Plot No. 32-1-A

Block 6, P.E.C.H.S.

Karachi

Branch Code: 182

Swift Code:  SCBLPKKX

IBAN : PK97SCBL0000001326020801

Account No :  01326020801

FOR LOCAL PAYMENTS

 (1) Pay order will be made in favor of "Institute of Business Management “for the above amounts and may be sent to the "The Editor".

 (2) Deposit cash at any Branch of Standard Chartered Bank or pay online in the following Bank Account

   A/C# 01326020801

   Standard Chartered Bank

   Institute of Business Management

IMPORTANT

The finance department of the Institute of Business Management requires deposit evidence i.e. screenshot of deposit slip or transfer confirmation message to the following email addresses;

muhammad.asim@iobm.edu.pk ; aslam.ali@iobm.edu.pkeditorpbr@iobm.edu.pk; abid.ali@iobm.edu.pk; masood@iobm.edu.pk

Please Note the Disclaimers: The Processing Fee must be paid within 06 days of submission. Failure to do so will result in the paper not being assigned for editorial processing while being outrightly rejected. The policy applies similarly to the Publication Fee, which must be paid within 15 days after your paper has been accepted for publication. Submission of processing fee does not guarantee publication.